In 1972, or so the story goes, an important man had a dream. Not an inspiring dream like Martin Luther King, but a vision that would spark one of the cruellest episodes of the 20th Century.
The man was General Idi Amin, ruler of Uganda in Africa. The dream itself – where he was told by God to cleanse his country of foreigners – may just be an urban myth spread by his supporters, but his actions were real. Out of the blue he ordered all people of south Asian origin to be expelled from the country, or face concentration-style camps.
Más de 120 barcos canarios ilegales cruzaron el Atlántico entre 1948 y 1952 en búsqueda de una vida más próspera. Los últimos supervivientes relatan un viaje lleno de penurias, sin agua ni comida y a merced de los temporales. Debían pasar la cuarentena en La Orchila, pero en pocos meses ganaban ‘fortunas’ y se adaptaban con gran facilidad al país donde ‘todo era demasiado barato’.
“Quando uma crise de refugiados sírios se alastra pela Europa, importa esclarecer o público sobre quando os refugiados éramos nós próprios, os portugueses”.
“Canada knew. Britain knew. The U.S. knew. They all did because a Jewish trade unionist warned them what was coming. Today marks the 75th anniversary of his suicide”.
“Apesar da fama acolhedora do povo brasileiro, nem todos os refugiados, exilados e sobreviventes do Holocausto foram prontamente recebidos no país. ‘O Brasil não tem muito o que se orgulhar do ponto de vista de uma política estatal— assim como outros países da América Latina, que fecharam as portas [para os refugiados] apesar das grandes comunidades judaicas que já existiam aqui’, afirma em uma entrevista a professora Maria Luiza Tucci Carneiro, uma das principais pesquisadoras brasileiras do assunto”.
“Since civil war erupted in Syria five years ago, millions of refugees have sought safe harbor in Europe by land and by sea, through Turkey and across the Mediterranean.
Refugees crossed these same passageways 70 years ago. But they were not Syrians and they traveled in the opposite direction. At the height of World War II, the Middle East Relief and Refugee Administration (MERRA) operated camps in Syria, Egypt and Palestine where tens of thousands of people from across Europe sought refuge”.
“Those looking for solutions to current refugee movements often turn to history to provide answers to today’s refugee situation. The 1930s offer compelling, if often disheartening, comparisons with the present. As today, 1930s Britain found itself in a rapidly changing world, and one in which its imperial influence was in decline”.
Fotografias do arquivo da Agência das Nações Unidas de Assistência aos Refugiados da Palestina (United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA), 1950-1978.